Infinite sign in loop between MVC application and Azure AD

In a previous post I talked about an infinite redirect loop issue between an MVC application and Azure AD when performing sign in. In this post, we will look at another scenario which can lead to the same type of problem. Background Applications running an old version of OWIN middleware can run into this issue because of a known Katana bug. Due to a cookie mismanagement issue in the old…

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How to customize SAML token claims to include custom attribute created as Directory Schema Extension in Azure AD

Background Recently I was engaged to assist a customer with an interesting issue. This customer follows the guideline at https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/azure/ad/graph/howto/azure-ad-graph-api-directory-schema-extensions to create a custom User attribute as a Directory schema extension and then assigns a value to the attribute. As an example, I have a few custom attributes created this way as can be seen by Microsoft Graph Explorer: The customer wants to have this custom attribute returned as a…

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Walkthrough: MSAL.Net client calling Azure API App with Easy Auth enabled in a B2C tenant

In a previous blog post, I talked about how to use MSAL.Net client application to call an Azure Function App with Easy Auth enabled in a regular tenant. In this post, I’ll describe the process to use an MSAL.Net client application to call a Web API application with Easy Auth enabled in a B2C tenant. I assume you already have an API App created on Azure App Service. If you…

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Receiving error AADSTS7000218: The request body must contain the following parameter: ‘client_assertion’ or ‘client_secret’

Problem: An application receives the following error when authenticating to Azure Active Directory: {     “error”: “invalid_client”,      “error_description”: “AADSTS7000218: The request body must contain the following parameter: ‘client_assertion’ or ‘client_secret’.\r\nTrace ID: xxx\r\nCorrelation ID: xxx\r\nTimestamp: 2019-08-18 20:38:28Z”,     “error_codes”: [7000218],     …} What does this error mean? The error is what it said.  When authenticating to Azure AD to get an access token, the client application is not providing…

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Walkthrough: Using MSAL.Net to call an Azure Function App with Easy Auth enabled

In this post, I’ll walk through the steps for how to create an application using Microsoft Authentication Library for .Net (MSAL.Net) to call an Azure AD protected Azure Function App using Easy Auth (Azure App Service’ Authentication and Authorization feature). 1. Create an Azure Function with Easy Auth enabled: Assuming you already have an Azure Function App created (refer to https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-functions/functions-create-function-app-portal if you don’t know how to create one), go…

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Understanding Azure AD’s On-Behalf-Of flow (aka OBO flow)

Background Microsoft Azure Active Directory supports an OAuth2 protocol extension called On-Behalf-Of flow (OBO flow). This is documented at both the Microsoft Identity Platform V1 and V2 endpoint. The OBO flow is used in the following scenario. Both Web API 1 and Web API 2 are protected by Azure AD. A client application (could be a SPA app, a front-end Web Application, or a native application) signs a user into…

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Common Microsoft First Party Apps resource table

The information below is taken from the manifest file in the App Registration portal Azure Resource Resource URL Resource App ID Azure AD Graph https://graph.windows.net/ 00000002-0000-0000-c000-000000000000 Microsoft Graph https://graph.microsoft.com/  00000003-0000-0000-c000-000000000000 Azure Key Vault https://vault.azure.net cfa8b339-82a2-471a-a3c9-0fc0be7a4093 Azure Service Management https://management.azure.com/ 797f4846-ba00-4fd7-ba43-dac1f8f63013 Power BI Service https://analysis.windows.net/powerbi/api/ 00000009-0000-0000-c000-000000000000 Azure Storage https://storage.azure.com/ e406a681-f3d4-42a8-90b6-c2b029497af1 Azure DevOps https://app.vssps.visualstudio.com/ 499b84ac-1321-427f-aa17-267ca6975798 Office 365 Management API https://manage.office.com/ c5393580-f805-4401-95e8-94b7a6ef2fc2 Intune https://api.manage.microsoft.com/ c161e42e-d4df-4a3d-9b42-e7a3c31f59d4 SharePoint https://microsoft.sharepoint-df.com/ 00000003-0000-0ff1-ce00-000000000000 Exchange https://outlook.office365.com/ 00000002-0000-0ff1-ce00-000000000000 Note: for…

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Infinite redirect between OpenID Connect Application and Azure AD

Recently I came across an interesting infinite redirection problem between an OpenID Connect (OIDC) Application and Azure AD as demonstrated in the Fiddler screen shot below. After authentication to Azure AD, we are stuck in an infinite loop between the web site and Azure AD. Eventually the browser gives up and throws an error. This problem only occurs if I start browsing to the site by http protocol (frame 3).…

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Understanding the difference between application and delegated permissions from OAuth2 Authentication Flows perspective

It’s well documented in the Permissions and consent docs and the Developer Glossary page that there are 2 types of permissions for an access token: delegated permission and application permission. In simpler terms, delegated permission is the permission granted to a signed in user while application permission is the permission granted to an application. The main difference between the two is that the former requires a user to sign in…

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Receiving error IDX21323 or DX10311 RequireNonce…

Depending on what version of OWIN is used, you may see the following error in an MVC application using OpenID Connect middleware IDX21323: RequireNonce is ‘[PII is hidden by default. Set the ‘ShowPII’ flag in IdentityModelEventSource.cs to true to reveal it.]’. OpenIdConnectProtocolValidationContext.Nonce was null, OpenIdConnectProtocol.ValidatedIdToken.Payload.Nonce was not null. The nonce cannot be validated. If you don’t need to check the nonce, set OpenIdConnectProtocolValidator.RequireNonce to ‘false’. Note if a ‘nonce’ is…

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