What’s the security implication of changing the default client type from confidential to public in Azure AD?

From time to time, I get asked this question by a few different customers especially when they encounter the error “AADSTS7000218: The request body must contain the following parameter: ‘client_assertion’ or ‘client_secret’” when authenticating to Azure AD. The error is related to the following Default client type setting in the Authentication blade of a registered application: By default the setting is set to No (confidential client). Changing to ‘Yes’ converts…

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Using PowerShell to configure a signing certificate for a SAML-based SSO Enterprise Application

In my last blog post I talked about how to use PowerShell to instantiate an MSAL Confidential Client Application to acquire an access token using Client Credentials Grant flow. In this post we will use PowerShell to instantiate an MSAL Public Client Application to perform an Authorization Code Grant flow to obtain a delegated permission Access Token for Microsoft Graph. We will then use that access token to call Microsoft…

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Performing Azure AD OAuth2 Authorization Code Grant flow with PKCE in PostMan

Proof Key for Code Exchange (PKCE) is a mechanism, typically used together with an OAuth2 Authorization Code Grant flow to provide an enhanced level of security when authenticating to an Identity Provider (IDP) to get an access token. In fact for Single Page Applications (SPA), Authorization Code Grant flow with PKCE is now the recommended OAuth2 authentication protocol over its predecessor, the Implicit Grant flow, for acquiring an access token.…

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Using MSAL.Net to perform the client credentials flow with a certificate instead of a client secret in a .NetCore console appliction.

The sample files for this post can be found in this GitHub repository: https://github.com/RayGHeld/NetCore_ClientCredentials_withCert There is also a Powershell script there to create a certificate for this sample. You can perform the OAuth2 client_credentials grant flow to sign in as an application for your automated type of services. This flow does not require an interactive user to authenticate and should only be run in secure environments. There are 2 methods…

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Using PostMan to request an Azure AD token via SAML Assertion Grant flow

Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) supports an OAuth2 Extension Grant called “SAML Bearer Assertion flow” which allows an application to request an JWT OAuth2 token from Azure AD by providing a SAML Assertion (Token) acquired during an authentication process to a different Authorization Server. As you can imagine in order for this token exchange mechanism to happen, a trust relation between Azure AD and that Authorization Server must have already…

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Using Azure Management Libraries for .NET to manage Azure AD users, groups, and RBAC Role Assignments

In this blog, we will use Azure SDK for .NET to perform the following tasks: Create an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) user, query for the created user, and delete the user. Create an Azure AD group, query for the created group, and delete the group. Add a user to the group’s members. Create an Role-based Access Control (RBAC) Role Assignment: we will assign the group created above ‘Storage Blob…

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Implement Client Credentials flow for Graph Java Client

In my previous article , I showed you how to modify our great Graph Client for Java sample to add some additional options for things like filtering, setting the max retries for 429 errors, etc.  That sample uses the Oauth2 Device Code flow.  In this article, I will show you how to convert that and use the Client Credentials Flow.  Although, you will not be able to retrieve the same…

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Using PowerShell to get Azure AD audit logs

In my previous blog, I talked about how to use PowerShell with Microsoft Graph Reporting API. In that blog, I used the Client Credentials grant flow to acquire an access token for Microsoft Graph against the V1 endpoint. Also the code sample in that blog only works if all the reporting data result set is small. In this blog I’ll discuss how to get a Microsoft Graph access token using…

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Graph Client Authentication Provider

The Graph Client Authentication Providers allows for each authentication to the graph endpoint implementing a variety of OAUTH2 flows.  I will demonstrate the use of this library in c# code based on this GitHub. Previously, you had to build your own Authentication Provider ( see my creation of the client credentials provider in a vb.net application here ) .  This library will allow you to use the following flows: Confidential…

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Setup Postman to call Microsoft Graph using a Client Credentials Grant Access Token from the v2 endpoint

To use the V1 endpoint, please refer to this post.  Our documentation for the client credentials grant type can be found here. You can setup postman to make a client_credentials grant flow to obtain an access token and make a graph call ( or any other call that supports application permissions ). This is very useful for testing code you plan to run as a script or in a Daemon…

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