Update Asp.Net or Asp.Net Core app session to last longer than Azure AD tokens

Azure AD tokens (ID tokens, access tokens, and SAML tokens) by default last one hour. Asp.Net and Asp.Net Core Middleware sets their authentication ticket to the expiration of these tokens by default. If you do not want your web application to kick the user out redirecting them to Azure AD to sign-in again, you can customize the Middleware authentication ticket. For Asp.Net… In most cases within your Startup.Auth.cs under ConfigureAuth,…

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Using MSAL in a VB.Net Winforms application

All of our MSAL samples are for either Web, mobile client or console applications in c#. This blog post will show how you can also use MSAL in vb.net in a Winforms desktop application. When creating a winforms application, the thing to remember is that code in your form will run under the UI thread, which, for the most part is ok. However, when MSAL prompts for credentials, it will…

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AADSTS50000: There was an error issuing a token or an issue with our sign-in service

This error can occur during Azure AD authentication process or during any token acquisition flow using the token endpoint. There are multiple causes for this error to happen. Below are a few scenarios that can lead to the error . Root Cause 1: the user password is either expired, invalid, or out of sync This can happen more predominantly in a hybrid environment. The authenticated federated account’s password may be…

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Using OpenID Connect OWIN middleware to validate an Azure AD JWT token signed with a symmetric key

Azure AD by default uses a certificate to sign an OAuth2 JWT token using an asymmetric algorithm (RS256). Alternatively a JWT token can be signed with a “shared” secret using a symmetric algorithm (HS256). Asymmetric signing algorithm is always more secure in preventing the token to be tampered with compared to a symmetric algorithm since the private key is always kept at the Identity Provider (IDP) and the token consumer…

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MSAL.Net in PowerShell – Use .pfx file for Client Credentials Flow

This post will show you how to authenticate for the client credentials flow in PowerShell with MSAL.Net using the .pfx file for the certificate authentication instead of loading the certificate from the certificate store. This post is in part based on this: Using PowerShell to Configure a signing certificate for a SAML-based SSO enterprise application Also, special thanks to my team members Bac Hoang and Will Fiddes for assisting with…

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What’s the security implication of changing the default client type from confidential to public in Azure AD?

From time to time, I get asked this question by a few different customers especially when they encounter the error “AADSTS7000218: The request body must contain the following parameter: ‘client_assertion’ or ‘client_secret’” when authenticating to Azure AD. The error is related to the following Default client type setting in the Authentication blade of a registered application: By default the setting is set to No (confidential client). Changing to ‘Yes’ converts…

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Using PowerShell to configure a signing certificate for a SAML-based SSO Enterprise Application

In my last blog post I talked about how to use PowerShell to instantiate an MSAL Confidential Client Application to acquire an access token using Client Credentials Grant flow. In this post we will use PowerShell to instantiate an MSAL Public Client Application to perform an Authorization Code Grant flow to obtain a delegated permission Access Token for Microsoft Graph. We will then use that access token to call Microsoft…

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Using MSAL.Net to perform the client credentials flow with a certificate instead of a client secret in a .NetCore console appliction.

The sample files for this post can be found in this GitHub repository: https://github.com/RayGHeld/NetCore_ClientCredentials_withCert There is also a Powershell script there to create a certificate for this sample. You can perform the OAuth2 client_credentials grant flow to sign in as an application for your automated type of services. This flow does not require an interactive user to authenticate and should only be run in secure environments. There are 2 methods…

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Where is all the Azure Active Directory for developers (v1.0) documentation?

Where is all the Azure Active Directory for developers (v1.0) documentation? Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is a cloud identity service that allows developers to build apps that securely sign in users with a Microsoft work or school account. If you have been developing your apps using Azure Active Directory for developers (v1.0), typically ADAL, you might have noticed that it is getting harder to find related documentation. This is…

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Using PostMan to request an Azure AD token via SAML Assertion Grant flow

Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) supports an OAuth2 Extension Grant called “SAML Bearer Assertion flow” which allows an application to request an JWT OAuth2 token from Azure AD by providing a SAML Assertion (Token) acquired during an authentication process to a different Authorization Server. As you can imagine in order for this token exchange mechanism to happen, a trust relation between Azure AD and that Authorization Server must have already…

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